The Letters of the Piano Keys

On this page we are going to explore the letters of the piano keys.

All the keys on the keyboard have a letter name. Each key is named from the letters of the musical alphabet. The letters of the musical alphabet are A, B, C, D, E, F and G. These seven letters are assigned to natural keys on the keyboard.

The black keys on the keyboard also have specific letter names. Each black key on the keyboard is assigned a specific letter name that is accompanied by a sharp or a flat.


Finding the letter names of the keyboard is easier than one thinks. The steps below should help you remember them for the rest of your life. This activity will give a clear guide in finding the letter of each white key.

ACTIVITY – The following steps will do a great job in helping you to find the letter for each key on the keyboard.

STEP 1 - To the immediate left of every set of two black keys the white key is "C".

STEP 2 - To the immediate left of every set of three black keys the white key is "F".

The illustrations below should help you.

The black keys are circled in there groups so that one can understand what is mentioned in the two steps above.

Now that you are able to identify the keys "C" and "F" on the keyboard it is now time to find the other letters. The letters we need to locate are A, B, D, E and G. Please note that there is no "H" in the musical alphabet.

Here is a diagram showing all the letters of the white keys, the keys of "C" and "F" are highlighted.


The black keys on the keyboard are called sharp or flat keys. This means that one black key can have two letter names.

The black keys on the keyboard take the name of the white keys that are next to it, but the letters are followed by a sharp or flat sign. The name of the black key is determined by the direction in which the player moves on the keyboard. A black key is a semitone away from the white keys that are next to it.

The illustration below should explain further.

The black keys are called enharmonic keys meaning that a black key has two names. The illustration below will give clearer explanation.

The diagram below covers the letter names for all the black keys on the keyboard.

Like the natural keys the letter names of the black keys are repeated.

You have just accomplished one major task. That is, finding the letter names of the piano keys. There is one important point that you should keep in mind. There are 12 keys on the piano, and both black and white keys are included in the number.

This means that you should not be confused when you see the large number of keys that are spread across your keyboard.Just remember that the 12 keys are repeated.

Here is a summary of the 12 keys that are on the piano keyboard.(Remember that one black key can be called a sharp or flat.)

You now know the letter names of all the piano keys, it is very important that you study and practice them.

Learn to manipulate the piano keys by playing scales. CLICK HERE!

Click here to leave the piano keys page and return to home page.

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